Most people are familiar with or have heard the term “embryonic stem cells”, also know as Pluripotent Stem Cells. PA Stem Cell Centers does not use embryonic stem cells. The controversial use of embryonic stem cells has fallen to the way side in favor of the accessible cells found within the patient’s own body. These are called Multipotent or Adult Stem Cells. Pennsylvania Stem Cell Centers do not work with embryonic stem cells in our practice. Dr. Thomas E. Young uses only non-embryonic adult stem cells for all procedures, derived from an individual’s own body fat.

What Are Stem Cells?

A stem cell is basically any cell that can replicate and differentiate. This means the cell can not only multiply, it can turn into different types of tissues.

Image of Stem Cells

There are two types of stem cells…

1. Multipotent
Multipotent stem cells come from adults and can divide into many different cell types.

Multipotent (adult stem cells) are found in one’s bone marrow and fat and are used to replenish cells damaged by injury, illness and normal wear. This is a stem cell that already resides in one’s body within different tissues. In recent times, much work has been done isolating one’s own fat. As it turns out, fat is loaded with mesenchymal stem cells. In fact, it has hundreds, if not thousands of times more stem cells compared to bone marrow. Today, we actually have tools that allow us to separate the stem cells from fat.

2. Pluripotent
Pluripotent stem cells come from human embryos

The Science Behind Stem Cells

Pennsylvania Stem Cell Centers use only non-embryonic adult stem cells for all procedures, derived from an individual’s own body fat.

How Are Stem Cells Collected?

At Pennsylvania Stem Cell Centers, we do not obtain stem cells from bone marrow. Using local anesthesia, stem cells for these procedures are obtained from a “mini” liposuction-type procedure, isolating the stem cells from the patient’s own fat. The harvested fat is then broken down into stromal vascular fraction (SVF) through a specially designed deployment protocol. Stem cell therapies utilize the healing anti-inflammatory effects of SVF, which is rich in mesenchymal stem cells and growth factors. In its entirety, stem cell therapies normally take less than three hours.

Stem cells may differentiate into bone, cartilage, muscle, fat, or even some organs. Since this is the patient’s own DNA, there is minimal chance of rejection of the stem cells.