What Are Stem Cells?

Stem cells may have the ability to help replicate and repair many types of tissue. Stem cell therapies may help fill a treatment void for many illnesses.

The Science Behind Stem Cells

New technology enables Pennsylvania Stem Cell Centers to extract stem cells from a person’s own fat stores. These stem cells are of the highest quality and are the easiest to harvest under local anesthesia. They may be found in huge quantities in a person’s own body and produce up to 2,500 times more stem cells than those found in bone marrow. When adipose stem cells are placed back into the body of the patient, there is potential for tissue repair and the formation of new cells such as ligaments, nerves, muscle, fat, tendons, cartilage, bone, blood vessels, and some internal organs. Currently, stem cell treatments are used extensively to treat a variety of conditions.

There is experimental and anecdotal evidence that stem cell therapy supports the healing and regeneration of tissues, helping the body to repair naturally. It has been shown that stem cells seek degenerative tissue injury and can help stimulate the healing process when injected into a damaged area of the body.

How are Stem Cells Collected?

At Pennsylvania Stem Cell Centers, we do not obtain stem cells from bone marrow. Using local anesthesia, stem cells for these procedures are obtained from a “mini” liposuction-type procedure, isolating the stem cells from the patient’s own fat. The harvested fat is then broken down into stromal vascular fraction (SVF) through a specially designed deployment protocol. Stem cell therapies utilize the healing anti-inflammatory effects of SVF, which is rich in mesenchymal stem cells and growth factors. In its entirety, stem cell therapies normally take less than three hours.

Under the right circumstances, the stem cells may differentiate into bone, cartilage, muscle, fat, or even some organs. Since this is the patient’s own DNA, there is minimal chance of rejection of the stem cells.

The Controversy with Embryonic Stem Cells

There is much controversy related to embryonic stem cells, as these are taken from unborn or unwanted human embryos. Because they have not differentiated by this stage, they can become nearly any body part. Due to the controversy around acquiring these type of stem cells, Pennsylvania Stem Cell Centers do not work with embryonic stem cells in our practice.

Pennsylvania Stem Cell Centers use only non-embryonic adult stem cells for all procedures, derived from an individual’s own body fat.